Overview of the Technique

History of the Jigsaw Classroom

Jigsaw in 10 Easy Steps

Tips on Implementation

Books and Articles Related to the Jigsaw Technique

Chapter 1 of Aronson's Book "Nobody Left to Hate: Teaching Compassion After Columbine"

Links on Cooperative Learning and School Violence

About Elliot Aronson and This Web Site

Jigsaw-Related Books and Articles

Books by Aronson et al.

Articles by Aronson et al.
  • Aronson, E. (1990). Applying social psychology to desegregation and energy conservation. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 16, 118-132.

  • Aronson, E. (1991). How to change behavior. In R. Curtis and G. Stricker (Eds.), How people change: Inside and outside therapy. New York: Plenum.

  • Aronson, E. (1992). Stateways can change folkways. In R. M. Baird and S. E. Rosenbaum (Eds.), Bigotry, prejudice and hatred: Definitions, causes & solutions (pp. 185-201). Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books.

  • Aronson, E. (May/June, 2000). Nobody left to hate: Developing the empathic schoolroom. The Humanist, 60, 17-21.

  • Aronson, E., Blaney, N., Sikes, J., Stephan, C., & Snapp, M. (1975, February). Busing and racial tension: The jigsaw route to learning and liking. Psychology Today, pp. 8, 43-50.

  • Aronson, E., Blaney, N. T., Stephan, C., Rosenfield, R., & Sikes, J. (1977). Interdependence in the classroom: A field study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 69, 121-128.

  • Aronson, E., & Bridgeman, D. (1979). Jigsaw groups and the desegregated classroom: In pursuit of common goals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 5, 438-446.

  • Aronson, E., Bridgeman, D., & Geffner, R. (1978). Interdependent interactions and prosocial behavior. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 12, 16-27.

  • Aronson, E., Bridgeman, D., & Geffner, R. (1978). The effects of cooperative classroom structure on student behavior and attitudes. In D. Bar Tal and L. Saxe (Eds.), Social Psychology of Education. Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere.

  • Aronson, E., & Gonzalez, A. (1988). Desegregation, jigsaw and the Mexican-American experience. In P. Katz and D. Taylor (Eds.), Eliminating racism. New York: Plenum.

  • Aronson, E., & Goode, E. (1980). Training teachers to implement jigsaw learning: A manual for teachers. In S. Sharan, P. Hare, C. Webb, and R. Hertz-Lazarowitz (Eds.), Cooperation in Education (pp. 47-81). Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press.

  • Aronson, E., & Osherow, N. (1980). Cooperation, prosocial behavior, and academic performance: Experiments in the desegregated classroom. Applied Social Psychology Annual, 1, 163-196.

  • Aronson, E., & Thibodeau, R. (1992). The jigsaw classroom: A cooperative strategy for reducing prejudice. In J. Lynch, C. Modgil, and S. Modgil (Eds.), Cultural diversity in the schools. London: Falmer Press.

  • Aronson, E., & Yates, S. (1983). Cooperation in the classroom: The impact of the jigsaw method on inter-ethnic relations, classroom performance and self-esteem. In H. Blumberg and P. Hare (Eds.), Small groups. London: John Wiley & Sons.

Articles by Other Authors
  • Battle, J. (1981). Enhancing self-esteem: A new challenge to teachers. Academic Therapy, 16, 541-550.

  • Bohlmeyer, E. M., & Burke, J. P. (1987). Selecting cooperative learning techniques: A consultative strategy guide. School Psychology Review, 16, 36-49.

  • Bridgman, D. (1981). Enhanced role-taking through cooperative interdependence: A field study. Child Development, 52, 1231-1238.

  • Carroll, D. W. (1986). Use of the jigsaw technique in laboratory and discussion classes. Teaching of Psychology, 13, 208-210.

  • Clarke, J. (1994). Pieces of the puzzle: The jigsaw method. In S. Sharan (Ed.), Handbook of cooperative learning methods. Westport CT: Greenwood Press.

  • Desforges, D. M., Lord, C. G., Ramsey, S. L., Mason, J. A., Van Leeuwen, M. D., West, S. C., & Lepper, M. R. (1991). Effects of structured cooperative contact on changing negative attitudes towards stigmatized social groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 531-544.

  • Dori, Y. J., & Herscovitz, O. (1999). Question-posing capability as an alternative evaluation method: Analysis of an environmental case study. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 36, 411-430.

  • Huber, G. L., Sorrentino, R. M., Davidson, M. A., Epplier, R., et al. (1992). Uncertainty orientation and cooperative learning: Individual differences within and across cultures. Learning & Individual Differences, 4, 1-24.

  • Lazarowitz, R., Hertz-Lazarowitz, R., & Baird, J. H. (1994). Learning science in a cooperative setting: Academic achievement and affective outcomes. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 31, 1121-1131.

  • Lucker, W., Rosenfield, D., Sikes, J., & Aronson, E. (1977). Performance in the interdependent classroom: A field study. American Educational Research Journal, 13, 115-123.

  • Maring, G. H., Furman, G. C., & Blum-Anderson, J. (1985). Five cooperative learning strategies for mainstreamed youngsters in content area classrooms. Reading Teacher, 39, 310-313.

  • McManus, M. M., & Aiken, R. M. (1995). Monitoring computer-based colaborative problem solving. Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 6, 307-336.

  • Perkins, D. V., & Saris, R. N. (2001). A "jigsaw classroom" technique for undergraduate statistics courses. Teaching of Psychology, 28, 111-113.

  • Purdom, D. M., & Kromrey, J. D. (1995). Adapting to cooperative learning strategies to fit college students. College Student Journal, 29, 57-64.

  • Ravid, R., & Shapiro, S. (1992). The use of cooperative learning methods in Jewish schools. Journal of Research & Development in Education, 25, 96-102.

  • Sharan, S. (1980). Cooperative learning in small groups: Recent methods and effects on achievement, attitudes, and ethnic relations. Review of Educational Research, 50, 241-271.

  • Singh, B. R. (1991). Teaching methods for reducing prejudice and enhancing academic achievement for all children. Educational Studies, 17, 157-171.

  • Slavin, R. E. (1980). Cooperative learning in teams: State of the art. Educational Psychologist, 15, 93-111.

  • Walker, I., & Crogan, M. (1998). Academic performance, prejudice, and the jigsaw classroom: New pieces to the puzzle. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 8, 381-393.

  • Wallace, J. (1995). Cooperative learning in college classrooms: Getting started. College Student Journal, 29, 458-459.

  • Williams, D. (2004). Improving race relations in higher education: The jigsaw classroom as a missing piece to the puzzle. Urban Education, 39, 316-344.

  • Wolfe, C. T., & Spencer, S. J. (1996). Stereotypes and prejudice: Their overt and subtle influence in the classroom. American Behavioral Scientist, 40, 176-185.

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